Zambia is situated in south-central Africa. Zambia takes its name from the Zambezi River, which forms most of the country’s southern border. Victoria Falls, one of the world’s most beautiful waterfalls, lies on the river and is the setting for a multitude of adrenaline pumping activities, The great Kariba Dam, one of the world’s largest hydroelectric projects, and Kariba Lake also are on the Zambezi River, serving both Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambia was formerly a British protectorate called Northern Rhodesia. From 1953 to 1963, it formed part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland with Nyasaland (now Malawi) and Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Zambia became an independent nation in 1964.
Zambia offers dozens of superb game parks stocked with a profusion of birds and wildlife. One of the best being South Luangwa National Park, which is centered on the Zambezi River, and hosts a huge concentration of game.
Zambia has a milder climate than might be expected because of its altitude. The hot season lasts only from September through November. Midday temperatures range between 80 and 100 °F (27 and 38 °C). The rainy season runs from November through April. From May through August, temperatures range from 60 to 80 °F (16 to 27 °C).
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 11.6 million
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or either a two or three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +260
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC + 2
You should exercise caution when travelling in the rural parts of North Western, Copperbelt, Central and Luapula provinces close to the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), particularly after dark. You should also be aware that there is a risk of landmines on the Angola side of the Zambia/Angola border, as well as on the Zambia/Mozambique and Zamiba/DRC borders.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk