Vanuatu is an island country that lies in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu consists of 80 islands with a total land area of about 4,700 square miles. The country’s largest islands are, in order of size, Espiritu Santo, Malakula, Efate, Erromango, and Tanna. Port-Vila, on the island of Efate, is the capital and ranks as the largest urban community in the nation.
From 1906 to 1980, the United Kingdom and France jointly governed the islands, which were then called the New Hebrides. In 1980, the islands became the independent nation of Vanuatu. Most of the islands have narrow coastal plains and mountainous interiors. Several have active volcanoes.
The northern islands have a hot, rainy climate, with a year-round temperature of about 80 °F (27 °C) and annual rainfall of about 120 inches. Temperatures in the southern islands range from about 67 to 88 °F (19 to 31 °C), and the yearly rainfall totals about 90 inches. Vanuatu lies in an area where cyclones occur.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
CAPITAL: Port Vila (on Efate)
LANGUAGE: Bislama, English and French
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: VU
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +678
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +11