Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan Overview

Turkmenistan is a country in west-central Asia. It is located in a broad dry lowland extending east from the Caspian Sea. Most of the country is desert. Turkmenistan became independent in 1991. From 1924 to 1991, it had been one of the republics of the Soviet Union, which was known as the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, or Turkmenia.

Almost all the attractions lie around the fringes of the desert and in ancient ruins such as Merv (now Mary).

CLIMATE

Summers in Turkmenistan are long, hot, and dry. Winters are cold. Desert temperatures range from about 95 to 122 °F (35 to 50 °C) in summer. Winter temperatures in the desert can drop below 32 °F (0 °C). Turkmenistan receives about 3 to 12 inches of rainfall annually.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

CAPITAL: Ashgabat
POPULATION: 5.1 million
LANGUAGE: Turkmen, Russian and Uzbek
CURRENCY: Manat
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: TM
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +993
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +5