Tonga

Tonga Overview

Tonga is a country made up of about 150 islands in the South Pacific Ocean. The islands lie about 3,140 miles east of Australia. Tonga is the only remaining kingdom in Polynesia, one of the three main regions in the Pacific Islands. It became independent in 1970 after being a protectorate of the United Kingdom since 1900.

About two-thirds of the people live on Tongatapu, the largest island. Nuku’alofa, Tonga’s capital, chief port, and commercial centre lies on Tongatapu.

Tonga is made up of three main island groups-Ha’apai, Tongatapu, and Vava’u. Most of the islands in these groups are ring-shaped coral reefs called atolls. Most of Tonga’s people live on these islands. A chain of higher, volcanic islands lies west of the coral islands. Some of the volcanoes are still active.

CLIMATE

Tonga has a warm, wet climate with high humidity. Temperatures in Tonga average 78 °F (26 °C). The average annual rainfall varies from 70 inches on Tongatapu to 100 inches on some northern islands. Most rain falls from December through March. Cyclones sometimes hit Tonga during the rainy season.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

CAPITAL: Nuku’alofa
POPULATION: 119,000
LANGUAGE: Togan, English
CURRENCY: Pa’anga
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 240V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: TO
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +676
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +13