Tanzania is the largest country in eastern Africa that borders the Indian Ocean. Most of Tanzania lies on the mainland of Africa. Several nearby islands make up the rest of the country.
In the 1800’s, Germany founded a colony on the mainland of what is now Tanzania. The United Kingdom ruled Zanzibar, a group of nearby islands. In the early 1900’s, the mainland area became the British colony of Tanganyika. Both Tanganyika and Zanzibar gained independence in the early 1960’s. In 1964, they united to form Tanzania.
Tanzania’s fascinating wildlife and spectacular scenery are world famous. Lions, elephants, zebras, wildebeest, giraffes and many other wild animals roam across the vast Serengeti National Park and Selous Game Reserve. Africa’s highest mountain, the snow-capped Kilimanjaro, rises 19,331 feet in northern Tanzania. Lake Tanganyika, the world’s longest freshwater lake, extends 420 miles along the country’s western border. Part of Lake Victoria, which is the largest lake in Africa, lies within northern Tanzania. The lake covers an area of 26,828 square miles.
The coastal lowlands and islands make up the hottest and wettest part of Tanzania. High temperatures average 85 °F (29 °C) year around. Annual rainfall totals between about 31 and 55 inches on the lowlands and exceeds 40 inches on the islands. Temperatures in the highlands average about 75 °F (24 °C).
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
CAPITAL: Dar es Salaam
POPULATION: 40.2 million
LANGUAGE: English, Swahili
CURRENCY: Tanzanian Shilling
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +255
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC + 3