Taiwan is a mountainous island in the South China Sea, about 90 miles off the Chinese coast. After the Chinese Communists conquered mainland China in 1949, the Chinese Nationalists moved to Taiwan. Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek declared Taipei the capital of the Republic of China and refused to recognize China’s Communist government. The Nationalist government also controls several islands in the Taiwan Strait, which separates Taiwan and China. These islands include the Quemoy, Matsu, and the Pescadores groups.
The island is home to high mountain ranges, great beaches and stunning national parks – many with hot springs. In the six national parks there are thousands of species of wildlife, 20 percent of which are rare or endangered species, including the Mikado pheasant, and the Formosan rock monkey.
Taiwan has a subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and an average annual rainfall of more than 100 inches. Temperatures average about 80 °F (27 °C) in summer and 65 °F (18 °C) in winter. Summer monsoons bring strong winds and rain to Taiwan. In winter, monsoons bring rain and cooler weather to the north.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 23 million
CURRENCY: New Taiwan Dollar
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 110V, 60Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: TW
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +886
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +8