Sri Lanka Overview
Sri Lanka is an island country in the Indian Ocean that lies about 20 miles off the southeast coast of India. Its official name is the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. The country was formerly called Ceylon.
Sri Lanka boasts no fewer than seven World Heritage Sites listed by Unesco, ranging from sacred cities, and palaces to colonial strongholds. The ancient sites of Anuradhapura, Dambulla Polonnaruwa, Sigiriya, and Panduwasnuwara, are worth a visit to see where the remains of a great civilisation once stood.
Temperatures in the low coastal areas average 80° F (27° C). Temperatures in the mountains average 60° F (16° C). Average annual rainfall ranges from about 50 inches in the northeast to about 200 inches in parts of the southwest.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 21.1 million
LANGUAGE: Sinhalese, Tamil and English
CURRENCY: Sri Lanka Rupee
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: LK
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +94
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +5.5
There is a high threat from terrorism in Sri Lanka. Fatal attacks have become more frequent. They have occurred in Colombo and throughout Sri Lanka, including in places frequented by foreign travellers. Further attacks may occur at any time.
We advise against all travel to the north and east of Sri Lanka, and to Yala National Park and the areas around it.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk