Somalia is the eastern most country on the mainland of Africa. Its coastline, which runs along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, forms the outer edge of the “horn” of Africa. The country’s official name is the Somali Democratic Republic. Somalia became an independent nation in 1960. Before then, the United Kingdom ruled the northern section, and Italy ruled the south.
The average temperature ranges from 85 F to 105 °F (29 to 41 °C) in northern Somalia, and from 65 to 105 °F (18 to 41 °C) in the south. Total rainfall for Somalia is seldom more than 20 inches a year, even in the south, which is the wettest region. Parts of northern Somalia receive only 2 to 3 inches of rain a year.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 9.5 million
LANGUAGE: Somali, Arabic, English
CURRENCY: Somali Shilling
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +252
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC + 3
We advise against all travel to Somalia, including Somaliland. In the Southern and Central regions, there is ongoing serious violence, dangerous levels of criminal activity and general internal insecurity. Insurgent activity and political tension remain high.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk