Serbia is one of the two republics that make up the nation called Serbia and Montenegro, formerly Yugoslavia. Montenegro is the other. In 1998, fighting began between Serbian forces and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo. Serbian troops withdrew in 1999. In 2003, Yugoslavia adopted a new constitution and changed its name to Serbia and Montenegro.
Today, having lost a lot of land during the conflicts, the country consists only of the provinces of Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegro, to the southwest, is composed of lakes, craggy peaks, awe-inspiring Tara Canyon, and a long stretch of beaches along the Adriatic Sea, while northern Serbia has the winding River Danube, forest-draped mountains, rolling farmlands and the capital of Belgrade.
Summers are dry and hot, with temperatures often rising to about 100 °F (38 °C). In Belgrade, on the edge of the Pannonian Plains, the average January temperature is 32 °F (0 °C). The average July temperature is 73 °F (23 °C). The rest of Serbia has bitterly cold winters with much snow. Heavy rains fall in early summer. Summers are warm in the mountain valleys but cool at higher elevations.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 10.1 million
LANGUAGE: Serbian, Hungarian, Bosniak, Romany (Gypsy)
CURRENCY: Serbian Dinar
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +381
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +1