Sao Tome & Principe Overview
Sao Tome and Principe consists of two main islands and several tiny islands. The main islands are Sao Tome Island and Principe Island. The country lies in the Gulf of Guinea, about 180 miles of Libreville, Gabon, on the African mainland.
Sao Tome Island is much larger than Principe Island and accounts for about 85 percent of the country’s area and has about 95 percent of its people. Sao Tome and Principe became an independent nation in 1975, where it had been ruled by Portugal for most of the period since the late 1400’s. During the 1500’s, Sao Tome Island became a center of the African and trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Sao Tome and Principe islands lie a little north of the equator. The weather is hot and humid from September to May, and hot and dry from June to August. The average annual temperature varies from 77 °F (25 °C) in the lowlands to about 65 °F (18 °C) in the highlands. The annual rainfall averages 16 inches.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
CAPITAL: Sao Tome
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220/240V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +239
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +0