Rwanda

Rwanda Overview

Rwanda is a small country situated in east-central Africa, just south of the equator. It is one of the most crowded African countries and one of the continent’s poorest countries.

Rwanda’s landscape ranges from volcanic mountains, winding river valleys, to beautiful lakes such as Lake Kivu in the west. Volcanoes National Park in the Virunga Mountains of northwestern Rwanda is a refuge for mountain gorillas. Forest National Park is home to a large number of smaller primates, as well as more than 275 bird species, while Akagera National Park is big game country where you will be able to spot elephants, buffalo, lions and hippos.

CLIMATE

The Great Rift Valley areas in the west have an average annual temperature of 73 °F (23 °C) and an average annual rainfall of 30 inches. The mountainous areas in the west have an average annual temperature of 63 °F (17 °C) and an average annual rainfall of 58 inches. On the plateaus, the temperature averages 68 °F (20 °C) annually.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

CAPITAL: Kigali
POPULATION: 10.1 million
LANGUAGE: Kinyarwanda, French, English
CURRENCY: Rwanda Franc
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +250
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +2

TRAVEL WARNING

We advise against all travel to the rural border areas with Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), except to the towns of Gisenyi, Kibuye and Cyangugu. This is because of the risk of cross-border incursions by armed guerrillas operating from DRC’s Kivu provinces, and the heavy military build-up on both sides of the border due to current fighting in North Kivu. Gisenyi remains calm but due to the high levels of insecurity in the neighbouring DRC border town of Goma, travellers to Gisenyi should remain vigilant.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk