From 1922 until 1991, Russia was the most important republic in the Soviet Union, which was the most powerful Communist country in the world. The Soviet Union broke apart in 1991. After the breakup, Russia set up new political, legal, and economic systems.
Russia extends from the Arctic Ocean south to the Black Sea and from the Baltic Sea east to the Pacific Ocean. It covers much of the continents of Europe and Asia.
Spanning several time zones, Russia embraces Europe’s tallest mountains, the world’s largest forest, endless Arctic tundra, and a lake the size of Belgium. Its cities range from ancient to modern, its climate from sub-arctic to sub-tropical and its populations from sparse to bustling and cosmopolitan.
The easiest way to get a sense of the size of the country and the depth of its past is by taking a trip on the Trans-Siberian Express. Siberia is one of those last frontiers. Die-hard adventurers head for Murman (translating literally as ‘the end of the earth’), for the nine-month winter complete with 52 days of non-stop darkness.
Russia’s weather varies from extremely cold to extremely hot. Northeastern Siberia is one of the coldest regions in the world. January temperatures average below -50 °F (-46 °C). Temperatures as low as -90 °F (-68 °C) have been recorded. The average July temperature in this region is 60 °F (16 °C), but it can climb to nearly 100 °F (38 °C).
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 140.7 million
CURRENCY: Russian Ruble
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +7