Panama is a small country in Central America, which covers the Isthmus of Panama, a narrow strip of land that separates the Atlantic and Pacific oceans near the middle of the Western Hemisphere. The Panama Canal cuts through the isthmus, connecting the two oceans.
Lowlands cover the part of Panama near the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. The Atlantic coast is sometimes referred to as the Caribbean coast because it borders the part of the Atlantic Ocean that is called the Caribbean Sea. Mountains cover much of Panama’s interior, and there are jungles and swamps in the east. Panama City is the country’s capital and largest city.
Climate. Most of Panama has a warm, tropical climate that varies little from season to season. Temperatures in the lowlands average about 80 °F (27 °C). Mountain temperatures average about 66 °F (19 °C).
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 3.3 million
LANGUAGE: Spanish, English
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 120V, 60Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: PA
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +507
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC -5
Travel to the Darien province should be conducted only with an organised group, and to recognised tourist destinations protected by the Panamanian police.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk