Pakistan Overview

Pakistan is a Muslim country in southern Asia officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Almost all the people of Pakistan practice Islam, but despite their common religion, Pakistanis have strong ties to different cultures.

Pakistan’s natural features are as diverse as its cultural groups-towering mountain ranges, high plateaus, lush green plains, and arid deserts. Most of the people live in the irrigated plains of eastern Pakistan. The western part of the country is sparsely populated because of its dry climate and its barren, rugged, mountainous terrain.

Life in the bustling southern cities is a mix of ancient tradition and modern, Lahore, in particular, boasts some wonderful historic architecture, and the beautiful Moghul-style Badshahi Mosque, one of the largest mosques in the world.


The mountain regions have the coolest weather. Summer temperatures in the north and northwest average about 75 °F (24 °C), and winter temperatures often fall below freezing.


CAPITAL: Islamabad
POPULATION: 167.7 million
LANGUAGE: Punjabi, Sindhi, English and Urdu
CURRENCY: Pakistan Rupee
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220/240V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.


We advise against all travel to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Northern and Western Balochistan and much of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) including the Frontier Regions of Peshawar, Kobat, Tank, Banu, Lakki and Dera Ismail Khan. We advise against travel to the city of Peshawar and districts south of the city. We advise against all travel to Swat, including travel on the Chitral road via the Lowari Pass. In these areas there are ongoing reports of military or militant activity, and the risk from lawlessness and kidnapping is most severe. We also advise against using the rail network across the whole of Pakistan.

There is a high threat from terrorism and sectarian violence throughout Pakistan. There has been a series of attacks, mainly suicide bombings targeted predominantly at the authorities but occasionally also at locations frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers. We believe there is a heightened threat to Westerners in major cities. The Pakistani authorities are also concerned about the threat to foreigners of kidnapping.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK