Nepal comprises eight of the world’s ten highest mountains, including Mt Everest: the uppermost place on earth at 29,029ft. The region of hills and valleys that make up the mountain range cover around 80 percent of Nepal. The Tarai (or Terai)-a flat, fertile river plain along Nepal’s border with India, covers the rest of the country.
About 45 percent of Nepal’s people live in the Tarai. The rest of the people live in the hills and valleys region or in the mountains. Situated between India and Tibet, Nepal is filled with many different ethnic groups, customs and traditions.
Nepal has three principal regions: the Himalaya, the hills and valleys, and the Tarai. Differences in altitude give each region a different climate.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 29.5 million
LANGUAGE: Nepali, Maithali
CURRENCY: Nepalese Rupee
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: NP
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +977
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +5.5
There is a general threat from terrorism. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers. The wider security situation in Nepal remains subject to change due to the political volatility in the country. If you intend to travel to the region you should remain vigilant and remain in close touch with your tour operator.
You should avoid large gatherings and demonstrations. Bandhs, rallies and demonstrations can cause widespread disruption and can be called at short notice, leaving transport severely disrupted and blocking roads and major highways.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk