Kenya Overview

Kenya is a country on the east coast of Africa and extends from the Indian Ocean deep into the interior of Africa. The equator runs through the centre of Kenya.

Kenya’s coastal area is a hot and humid tropical region. Beautiful sandy beaches, lagoons and swamps, and patches of rain forest line the coast. Inland, vast plains stretch over about three-fourths of Kenya. A spectacular variety of wild animals live in Kenya. This wildlife which, includes elephants, giraffes, lions, rhinoceroses, and zebras attracts thousands of tourists to Kenya each year.


Kenya includes three distinct regions: a tropical coastal area, a generally dry plains area, and a fertile highland. In the coastal area temperatures average about 80° F (27° C). Rainfall totals about 40 inches annually.

The plains stretch inland from the coastal area and cover about three-fourths of Kenya. The area is the driest part of Kenya. Much of it receives only 10 to 30 inches of rain yearly. Average temperatures vary with altitude, ranging from about 80° F (27° C) at low levels to about 60° F (16° C) at the highest levels.

The highland lies in southwestern Kenya, temperatures average about 67 °F (19 °C), and yearly rainfall ranges from 40 to 50 inches.


CAPITAL: Nairobi
POPULATION: 37.9 million
LANGUAGE: English, Swahili
CURRENCY: Kenyan Shilling
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 240V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a three pin plug is required.


We advise against all but essential travel to low-income areas of Nairobi, including all township or slum areas, which experience high crime levels.

We advise against all but essential travel to within 30 kilometres of the border with Somalia. There have been recent attacks by Somali militia into Kenya and the recent kidnapping of two Western nuns.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK