Jordan is an Arab kingdom on the East Bank of the Jordan River in the heart of the Middle East. The country is bordered by Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the West Bank, a territory west of the Jordan River.
Completing Jordan’s impeccable tourism credentials, the Gulf of Aqaba protects some of the finest dive sites on the planet, while The Dead Sea might even keep non-swimmers afloat.
Carved deep into a pink sandstone chasm the magnificent settlement at Petra was lost for a thousand years, and only rediscovered in 1812. Work on the intricate temple facades and cave entrances suspended high up the cliff face was started by Nabatean Arabs in the 6th century BC. The Bedouins, who lived in the caves as recently as the 1980’s, executed some final touches.
Jordan’s capital – Amman, is an ideal place to relax. The city sprawls chaotically over seven hills, and while there are a few things that shouldn’t be missed – notably an impressive Roman amphitheatre.
Jordan has three main land regions: the Jordan River Valley, the Transjordan Plateau, and the Syrian Desert.
Summer temperatures in the Jordan River Valley regularly exceed 100 °F. (38 °C). The valley receives little rain.
Average temperatures in the Transjoradn Plateau range between 64 and 86 °F. (18 and 30 °C) during the summer and between 40 and 52 °F. (4 and 11 °C) during the winter.
The Syrian Desert, also called the northern Arabian Desert, receives less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) of rain annually. Summer temperatures sometimes reach 120 °F. (49 °C).
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 6.2 million
LANGUAGE: Arabic, English
CURRENCY: Jordanian Dinar
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or either a two or three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: JO
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +962
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +2
There remains a general threat from terrorism in Jordan. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreign travellers.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk