Israel

Israel Overview

Israel is a small Middle Eastern country. Israel was founded in 1948 as a homeland for Jews from all parts of the world, and more than 4 out of 5 of its people are Jews. Even Jews who live elsewhere consider Israel their spiritual home.

Jerusalem’s Old City, though quartered by ancient divides, is bound together by an incandescent glow, golden in sunshine and silvery by moonlight, that adds mystery and charm to this most holiest and historical of cities.

Travel east from Tel Aviv to the Dead Sea for a dazzling showcase of Israel’s natural diversity; you’ll find sprawling orange groves, sweeping white beaches, and rugged mountain tops.

CLIMATE

Israel has hot, dry summers and cool, mild winters. The climate varies somewhat from region to region, partly because of altitude. Temperatures are generally cooler at higher altitudes and warmer at lower altitudes. In August, the hottest month, the temperature may reach 98 °F (37 °C) in the hilly regions and as high as 120 °F (49 °C) near the Dead Sea.

Israel has almost continuous sunshine from May through mid-October. A hot, dry, dusty wind called the khamsin sometimes blows in from deserts to the east, particularly in the spring and fall.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

CAPITAL: Jerusalem
POPULATION: 7 million
LANGUAGE: Hebrew, English
CURRENCY: New Israeli Shekel
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: IL
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +972
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +2

TRAVEL WARNING

We advise against all but essential travel to Hebron and urge those travelling anywhere in the West Bank to exercise extreme caution.

We advise against all travel to Gaza (including the waters off Gaza) and to the Sheba’a Farms and Ghajar, along the border with Lebanon (the “Blue Line”). We also advise against all but essential travel to areas within 5kms of the Gaza perimeter (including Sderot) and to all areas of the West Bank (except for Bethlehem, Ramallah, Jericho and the Jordan Valley).

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk