The world’s first known civilization and other early cultures developed along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now Iraq. The ancient Greeks called part of Iraq and the surrounding region Mesopotamia (between rivers) because it lay between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. For thousands of years, civilizations there have depended on controlling flooding from the two rivers and on using their waters for irrigation.
Iraq’s climate ranges from moderate in the north to semitropical in the east and southeast. The west and southwest have a desert climate-warm or hot days and much cooler nights. Summer high temperatures average more than 100 °F (38 °C) throughout much of Iraq. Winter low temperatures may drop to around 35 °F (2 °C) in the desert and in the north.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 28.2 million
LANGUAGE: Arabic, Kurdish, Turkoman, Assyrian, Armenian
CURRENCY: Iraqi Dinar
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or either a two or three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: IQ
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +964
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +4
We advise against all travel to Baghdad and its surrounding area, the provinces of Basra, Maysan, Al Anbar, Salah Ad Din, Diyala, Wasit, Babil, Ninawa and At-Tamim (At-Tamim is often referred to as “Kirkuk Province”). We also advise against all but essential travel to the provinces of Al Qadisiyah, Muthanna, Najaf, Karbala, and Dhi Qar.
The security situation in Iraq remains highly dangerous with a continuing high threat of terrorism throughout the country. This includes violence and kidnapping targeting foreign nationals (including individuals of non-western appearance). You are strongly advised to seek professional security advice and make arrangements for your security throughout your visit.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk