Iran is an ancient country situated in the Middle East region of south-western Asia. It is a land of snow-capped mountains, green valleys, and barren deserts. Tehran is the country’s capital and largest city.
Tehran’s museums, hotels and restaurants are the most varied in the country. But for the true Persian experience, head south for the bustling bazaars and beautiful blue tiles of Esfahan. Or the wide tree-lined avenues and stunning gardens of cultivated Shiraz, formerly one of the most prestigious cities in the medieval Islamic world.
Iran’s climate varies from region to region. Winter temperatures in the mountainous areas of the northwest drop as low as -20° F (-9° C). But the long, severe winters are followed by mild summers. In contrast, the Khuzistan Plain has extremely hot, humid summers with an average temperature of about 95° F (35° C). However, winters on the plain are mild and pleasant.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
POPULATION: 65.8 million
LANGUAGE: Persian, Turkic, Kurdish
CURRENCY: Iranian Rial
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or either a two or three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: IR
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +98
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +3.5
We strongly advise against all travel to within 100km of the entire Iran/Afghanistan border or to within 10km of the entire Iran/Iraq border. The Pakistan border area is also insecure, and we advise against any travel east of the line running from Bam to Jask. This includes all travel to Bam.
There is a general threat from terrorism. Explosions have killed a number of people since 2005. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriate and foreign travellers.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk