Greenland

Greenland Overview

Greenland is the largest island in the world. It is a province of Denmark, though it is part of North America and lies about 1,300 miles away in the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans. At one point, the island is only 10 miles from Canada. Its official name is Kalaallit Nunaat in the Greenlandic language and Gronland in Danish. Both names mean Greenland.

Most of Greenland lies north of the Arctic Circle, and thick ice covers about 80 percent of it. Cape Morris Jesup, the northernmost land in the world, is only about 440 miles from the North Pole. The south-western coast, where almost all Greenlanders live, is the warmest region. But even their July temperatures average only 50 °F (10 °C).

CLIMATE

Greenland is very cold; the coldest region is the centre of the ice sheet. There, temperatures average -53 °F (-47 °C) in February and 12 °F (-11 °C) in July. Along the south-western coast, the warmest region, temperatures average 18 °F (-8 °C) in February and 50 °F (10 °C) in July. Greenland has little rain or snow, most of it in the south.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

CAPITAL: Nuuk
POPULATION: 56,300
LANGUAGE: Greenlandic, English and Danish
CURRENCY: Danish Krone
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +299
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC -2