Croatia Overview

Croatia is a country in south eastern Europe. It is bordered on the south by Bosnia & Herzegovina, on the west by the Adriatic Sea, on the north by Slovenia and Hungary, and on the east by Serbia and Montenegro.

From 1945 to 1990, Communists held a monopoly on power in all of Yugoslavia. In the 1960’s, some Croats began to call for independence for Croatia. In the 1980’s, the demands grew. In 1990, Croatia held its first multiparty elections, and non-Communists won a majority of seats in the legislature. In 1991,  declared its independence. War then broke out in Croatia between Croats and Serbs. A cease-fire in early 1992 ended most of the fighting. However, some fighting continued. In late 1995, the government of Croatia and the leaders of the Croatian Serbs made an agreement to end the war.

The lakes and waterfalls of Plitvice are sufficiently beautiful to be declared a World Heritage Site. There are even more canyons and gorges in the national parks of Krka and Paklenica.


The best time to visit Croatia is between July and August, when the weather can be hot and dry, but is also the busiest time. In winter, the temperature rarely falls below freezing. However, a cold, gusty wind called a bora sometimes blows down from the mountains into the northern areas in autumn and winter.


POPULATION: 4.9 million
LANGUAGE: Croatian, Serbian
CURRENCY: Croatian Kuna
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.


Unexploded land mines are still a danger. Highly populated areas and major routes are now clear of mines and are safe to visit. However, isolated areas in the mountains and countryside have not all been cleared. You should therefore be careful not to stray from roads and paved areas without an experienced guide.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK