Costa Rica Overview
Costa Rica is a small, mountainous country in Central America. It is bordered by Nicaragua on the north, the Caribbean Sea and Panama on the east, and the Pacific Ocean on the south and west. A chain of rugged mountains stretches across central Costa Rica from northwest to southeast. A few of the highest peaks in this chain are active volcanoes. Tropical forests grow on the country’s coastal lowlands.
25 per cent of Costa Rica is protected, as parks and reserves, from the live volcanoes of Poás and Irazú, to the forest of Braulio Carrillo National Park there is wilderness here that demands respect.
Away from the wildlife you can take in the beaches of Manuel Antonio and the canals, boats and nesting turtles of Tortuguero.
The Caribbean Lowlands, a wide band of swampy tropical jungles, lie along the east coast. The daytime high temperature averages about 100 °F (38 °C).
The Pacific Coastal Strip is largely an area of lowlands along the west coast. Low mountains rise along most of the shore. Daytime temperatures range from 77 to 100 °F (25 to 38 °C).
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
CAPITAL: San Jose
POPULATION: 4.1 million
LANGUAGE: Spanish, English
CURRENCY: Costa Rican Colon
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 120V, 60Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: CR
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +506
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC -6