China Overview

China officially known as the People’s Republic of China is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world’s largest population.

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan (through the disputed territory of Kashmir), India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighbouring states is equaled only by China’s vast neighbour to the north, Russia.

China’s vast land area includes some of the world’s driest deserts and highest mountains, as well as some of the richest farmland.

The major cities, like Beijing and Shanghai, are modern metropolises offering fast food restaurants alongside traditional eating-houses and centuries-old historical buildings. Whilst majestic mountains and remote monasteries can be found in the northern part of the country. From the Terracotta Army to the Ancient City Wall to the Great Wall of China with a country so vast you would be best to plan your itinerary before you travel.


CAPITAL: Beijing
POPULATION: 1.3 billion
LANGUAGE: Mandarin
CURRENCY: Yuan Renminbi
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or either a two or three pin plug is required.


Territorial disputes between China and neighbouring countries during 2012 caused high regional tension and there were a number of demonstrations, notably anti-Japan demonstrations in several cities across China. The protests generally targeted Japanese interests, but general anti-foreign sentiment may also run high. You should avoid becoming caught up in any public demonstrations, otherwise you may become a target or face arrest, deportation or detention.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK