Situated south of Mexico, Guatemala has more people than any other Central American country. Most of Guatemala's people live in the rugged mountains in the central part of the country. There, on a high plateau, lies Guatemala City, the capital and industrial centre of the country, and the largest city in Central America.
Almost half the people are Indians whose way of life differs greatly from that of other Guatemalans. Their ancestors, the Maya Indians, built a highly developed civilisation hundreds of years before Christopher Columbus landed in America.
Rich culture lives on in the market towns of the highlands. Shopping for medicinal roots, and embroidered waistcoats at Chichicastenango is well worth the vertiginous bus ride.