Cambodia is sometimes called Kampuchea. Most Cambodians live on the fertile plains created by the floodwater’s of the Mekong River, or near the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) and Tonle Sap River northwest of Phnom Penh.
The scenery is beautiful and abundant, shaped by landscapes of lush jungles, banana plantations, and mighty rivers. Infrastructure is basic (much of it having been destroyed) and travelling between destinations can be quite an experience. About a thousand years ago, Cambodia was the centre of a great empire of the Khmer people, who controlled much of the Southeast Asian mainland. The ruins of Angkor, the capital of the Khmer empire, feature magnificent sculpture and architecture.
The temperature of Phnom Penh averages about 85 °F (29 °C) throughout the year. The rainy season lasts from May to November. Coastal areas receive nearly 200 inches of rainfall a year, but Phnom Penh gets less than 60 inches.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
CAPITAL: Phnom Penh
POPULATION: 14.2 million
LANGUAGE: Khmer, English
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: KH
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +855
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +7
Fighting broke out on 15 October between Thai and Cambodian troops along the disputed border area near the Preah Vihear temple (Khao Pra Viharn in Thai). We advise against all travel to the temple area. Although talks continue between the two countries, tensions remain high. You should remain alert to the local situation when travelling in other border regions, and at land crossings between the two countries.
Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk