Burundi Overview

Burundi is one of the smallest and most crowded countries in Africa. A majority of the people of Burundi are farmers who raise only enough food to feed their families.

Burundi has an abundance of beautiful scenery; take in the clear waters of grand dame Lake Tanganyika, the longest lake in the world, or the lush mountainous jungles to the north and rolling green hills to the east. A wealth of sights is on offer, from the thermal waterfalls in the Mugara Reserve and the southern source of the Nile at Rutovu, to Kibira National Park, where chimpanzees and colobus monkeys dash through dense foliage.


The Great Rift Valley region around Bujumbura has an average temperature of 73 °F (23 °C) and an average annual rainfall of 30 inches. The mountainous western region of the country has an average temperature of 63 °F (17 °C). On the plateaus, temperatures average 68 °F (20 °C) and about 47 inches of rain falls a year. The rainy season in Burundi generally lasts from February to May.


CAPITAL: Bujumbura
POPULATION: 8.6 million
LANGUAGE: Kirundi, French
CURRENCY: Burundian Franc
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.


We advise against all but essential travel to Burundi, including Bujumbura. The security situation across Burundi has stabilised and the last remaining rebel group signed a cessation of hostilities with the government on 26 May 2008. However, the threat of ambush by rebel elements remains, particularly in Bujumbura Rural and Bubanza provinces.

We advise against all travel to the rural border areas with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This is because cross-border incursions by armed guerrillas operating from both countries still occur sporadically.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk