Bosnia & Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country situated in south eastern Europe and is often simply called Bosnia.

Slavic peoples make up most of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s population. The largest groups are the Bosnian Muslims, the Serbs, and the Croats. Conflicts among these groups have shaped the history of the region.

In March 1992, Bosnia declared its independence from Yugoslavia, when much of the Serbian population opposed independence and war broke out. In December 1995, representatives of the opposing sides in the conflict signed a peace plan.

International funds have been pumped into the city, giving it a slick and contemporary look as it rebuilds itself. There is still enough in the way of turn-of-the-century Austro-Hungarian public buildings and more ancient Ottoman dwellings to remind the visitor that this is a true frontier city.


Bosnia and Herzegovina has exceptionally cold and snowy winters with heavy rains fall in early summer. Summers are warm in the mountain valleys but cool at higher elevations. The far northern part of Bosnia has cold winters and dry, hot summers.


CAPITAL: Sarajevo
POPULATION: 4.3 million
LANGUAGES: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian
CURRENCY: Convertible Marks
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.


Unexploded landmines remain a real danger, particularly in isolated areas in the mountains and countryside. You should therefore be careful not to stray from roads and paved areas without an experienced guide.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK