Argentina Overview

Argentina is the second largest country in South America in area and the third largest in population. Only Brazil covers a greater area, and only Brazil and Colombia have more people. Argentina with its long, tapered shape and occupies most of the southern part of South America.

The landscape varies dramatically throughout Argentina. The rugged Andes Mountains stretch along the country’s western border. A bare, windswept plateau called Patagonia extends across the south. The Pampa, a fertile, grassy plain, lies near the middle of the country. Scrub forests spread across much of the northern part of Argentina.

Once out of Buenos Aires, there are choices to be made about what to see and do, you might want to venture into the far southern glaciers and forests of the Tierra Del Fuego or visit the wineries of Cuyo.


Argentina has a mild climate. The north has the highest temperatures, and the south the lowest. Summer lasts from late December to late March, and winter from late June to late September. January temperatures average about 80° F (27° C) in the north and about 60° F (16° C) in the far south. Average July temperatures range from 60° F (16° C) in the north to 32° F (0° C) in the south.


CAPITAL: Buenos Aires
POPULATION: 40 million
LANGUAGE: Spanish (Official), English
CURRENCY: Argentine Peso
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or two pin plug is required.