Algeria Overview

Northern Algeria stretches along the Mediterranean Sea. The country’s narrow Mediterranean region has a warm climate and rich farmland. Almost all Algerians live in this region. To the south, the sun-scorched wastes of the Sahara cover more than four-fifths of Algeria.

Most Algerians are of mixed Arab and Berber descent. However, the people form two distinct cultural groups-Arab and Berber. Each group has its own customs and language.


Algeria has three major land regions, from north to south they are: the Tell, the High Plateaus, and the Sahara. Near the sea, temperatures in the Tell average 77 °F (25 °C) in summer and 52 °F (11 °C) in winter.

Average temperatures on the High Plateaus range from 81 °F (27 °C) in summer to 41 °F (5 °C) in winter. The region receives less than 16 inches of rain a year. Daytime temperatures in the Sahara sometimes soar above 120 °F (49 °C). During the summer, a very hot, dusty wind called the sirocco blows northward across the region.


CAPITAL: Algiers
POPULATION: 33.7 million
LANGUAGE: Arabic, French
CURRENCY: Algerian Diner
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 230V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or a two pin plug is required.


We advise against all but essential travel to Algiers and to the administrative district (wilayas) of Boumerdès, Bouira, Tizi Ouzou and Bejaia, which are east of Algiers and Blida, Medéa, Chlef and Ain Defla, which are south and west of Algiers. You should make journeys within Algeria by air where possible.

The high threat from terrorism in Algeria remains. Foreigners have been targeted by terrorists. You should exercise extreme caution at all times as terrorist attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreign travellers such as restaurants, hotels and shopping centres.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK