Tanzania is the largest country in eastern Africa that borders the Indian Ocean. Most of the country lies on the mainland of Africa. Several nearby islands make up the rest of the country.

In the 1800s, Germany founded a colony on the mainland of what is now Tanzania. The United Kingdom ruled Zanzibar, a group of nearby islands. In the early 1900s, the mainland area became the British colony of Tanganyika.

Both Tanganyika and Zanzibar gained independence in the early 1960s. In 1964, they united to form Tanzania.

Tanzania’s fascinating wildlife and spectacular scenery are world-famous. Lions, elephants, zebras, wildebeest, giraffes and many other wild animals roam across the vast Serengeti National Park and Selous Game Reserve. Africa’s highest mountain, the snow-capped Kilimanjaro, rises 19,331 feet in northern Tanzania.

Lake Tanganyika, the world’s longest freshwater lake, and extends 420 miles along the country’s western border. Part of Lake Victoria, which is the largest lake in Africa, lies within the northern part of the country and covers an area of 26,828 square miles.

Know before you go

LANGUAGE: English and Swahili
To power any electrical item an international adapter or a three pin plug is required

POPULATION: 59,734 million
CURRENCY: Tanzanian Shilling

Tanzania Climate

The coastal lowlands and islands make up the hottest and wettest part of the country. High temperatures average 85°F (29°C) year around.

Annual rainfall totals between about 31 and 55 inches on the lowlands and exceeds 40 inches on the islands. Temperatures in the highlands average about 75°F (24°C).

Travel Warning

Although most visits to Tanzania are trouble-free, violent and armed crime is increasing. In Dar es Salaam, tourists have been kidnapped, robbed and forced with the threat of violence to withdraw cash from ATMs and arrange cash transfers through Western Union after being befriended by strangers or using unlicensed taxis.

Terrorists are likely to try to carry out attacks across the country. Most attacks target the local security forces, although attacks against western interests can’t be ruled out. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places visited by foreigners.

Information provided by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office www.fco.gov.uk open_in_new

Things to do in Tanzania

Tanzania in depth

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