Afghanistan

Afghanistan Overview

Afghanistan a nation situated in south-western Asia has great mountains, scorching deserts, fertile valleys, and rolling plains. The country is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan on the north, China on the far northeast, Pakistan on the east and south, and Iran on the west. Home to the rugged Hindu Kush mountain range and the giant Buddha statues of Bamiyan.

Afghanistan has a long and troubled history and has continued to suffer foreign interference. The Soviet Union sought to occupy Afghanistan in a war that lasted from 1979 to 1989. In the 1990’s, a conservative Islamic group called the Taliban came to power. Following terrorist attacks against the United States in 2001; the United States and anti-Taliban forces within Afghanistan drove the Taliban from power.

CLIMATE

Afghanistan is made up of three main land regions. These regions are, from north to south: the Northern Plains, the Central Highlands, and the south-western Lowlands. Temperatures in the Northern Plains average about 38 °F (3 °C) in January and approximately 90 °F (32 °C) in July. The Central Highlands have an average temperature of about 25 °F (-4 °C) in January and about 75 °F (24 °C) in July. Temperatures in the lowlands of Afghanistan average about 35 °F (2 °C) in January and about 85 °F (29 °C) in July.

KNOW BEFORE YOU GO

CAPITAL: Kabul
POPULATION: 32.7 million
LANGUAGE: Persian, Phashto, Dari
CURRENCY: Afghani
ELECTRIC CURRENT: 220V, 50Hz. To power any electrical item an international adapter or either a two or three pin plug is required.
COUNTRY CODE: AF
COUNTRY DIALLING CODE: +93
TIME ZONE: GMT/UTC +4.5

TRAVEL WARNING

Afghanistan has a high threat of terrorism and specific methods of attack are evolving and increasing in sophistication. No part of Afghanistan should be considered immune from violence and the potential exists throughout the country for hostile acts. Travellers to Afghanistan do so at their own risk.

You should maintain a heightened level of vigilance at all time, observe the strictest of security measures and avoid any unnecessary travel. Travellers should also consider making their own security arrangements for the duration of their time in Afghanistan.

Information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK www.fco.gov.uk